Oct

5

2010

Poverty and Food Insecurity in the World

Abgelegt in food

As unfortunate as it may be, millions of people around the world suffer from poverty and malnutrition. A key contributing factor to this international epidemic is food insecurity. And according to poverty statistics, this situation exists when individuals or families lack sustainable economic or physical access to enough nutritious and safe food. Food insecurity might be temporary, seasonal or chronic, and it may happen at the national, regional or household level.

Worlwide malnutrition figures

According to poverty statistics data, the United Nations calculates that there are approximately 840 million malnourished people worldwide. The vast majority of them (799 million) live in developing nations, the preponderance of which are from the continents of Asia and Africa. This number also includes 11 million poverty stricken people living in developed nations and 30 million individuals living in countries in transition (the former Soviet Union, for example). The U.S. Department of Agriculture approximates that roughly 11% of households in the U.S. deal with food insecurity, with nearly one-third of them suffering from average to severe hunger and poverty.

Main causes of food insecurity in the world

In developing nations, according to poverty statistics, the main reasons for food insecurity are: natural disasters, civil unrest, war and poverty. The lack of food for the poor in the United States is due to poverty; and it seems that high poverty and education levels that are lacking seem to go hand in hand. Certain disabilities and poor health status also increase the threat of food insecurity for households and individuals within the United States.

Population increase adds to lack of food for the poor

To truly comprehend the magnitude of malnutrition, hunger and food insecurity in the world, one must take into account both the number of people below the poverty line and the never-ending rapid increase in world population. The world population surpassed 6 billion in 1999. The UN estimates that in 2025, the total world population will surpass 8 billion – a figure that will surely increase food insecurity in the world. In relation to poverty, the World Bank approximates that close to 1.2 billion people manage to live on far less than $1.00 per day, which is the globally recognized standard for assessing poverty and lack of food for the poor. A further 2.8 billion individuals live on less than $2.00 per day.

In conclusion

The fallout of food insecurity is considerable behavioral, social and health consequences and is unquestionably connected to poverty. In spite of worldwide commitment, the total number of food insecure people is still far too high. We have to find more ways to feed the world and help next generations to survive on our mother earth.

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